TDMA Public LCI Data
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Data set: Titanium dioxide (01.00.000)

Full name
Titanium dioxide; chloride and sulphate processes; production mix, at plant; > 80% TiO2
Reference year
Valid until
Reference flow(s)
LCI result
LCIA results included?
Materials production / Inorganic chemicals
Use advice for data set
The data set is a cradle to gate life cycle inventory (LCI) of titanium dioxide. The LCI data set should be used for LCI/LCA whenever generic data for titanium dioxide production are needed. For more details please contact TDMA.
Data set use approval
Titanium Dioxide Manufacturers Association
General comment
The dataset is generated as part of a critically reviewed LCA of titanium dioxide. The study is based on primary data supplied by members of the Titanium Dioxide Manufacturers Association. Data were provided for 32 TiO2 production sites located in 21 countries operated by eight companies. Upstream data are based on primary data from feedstock suppliers and secondary data as documented in the 2017 Addendum to Annex C of TDMA (2014) Method Document for the Provision of a Cradle to Gate Life Cycle Inventory for the Manufacture of Titanium Dioxide (TiO2). The resulting data set is based on both TiO2 production routes: chloride and sulphate processes. The dataset is a weighted average of production by the various TiO2 manufacturers, based on production volumes.
LCI Method Principle
LCI Method Approaches
No records found.
Completeness of product model
All relevant flows quantified
  • Independent external review by
    Data quality indicators
    • Overall quality: Very good
    • Methodological appropriateness and consistency: Very good
    • Precision: Good
    • Completeness: Good
    • Geographical representativeness: Very good
    • Time representativeness: Very good
    • Technological representativeness: Very good
License and access conditions
License type
Free of charge for all users and uses
Access information
The data set can be used free of charge by anybody to perform LCA studies, to distribute it to third parties, to convert it to other formats, to develop own data sets etc. as long as reference is given to the 'Owner of data set' and to the version number. Please note also that any modifications/omissions of the data set results in invalidity of any existing 'Official approval of data set by producer/operator' and that the impression must be avoided that this would still be a complete data set.
Owner of data set
Titanium Dioxide Manufacturers Association
Technical purpose
Pigments in paints, plastics, paper, pharmaceuticals and foodstuff. Other applications include production of high grade glass and ceramics.
Input Products
No records found.
No records found.
Data set version
Time stamp (last saved)
Data set format
ILCD Format
Compliance systems
  • ILCD Data Network - Entry-level (Overall compliance: Fully compliant)
  • ILCD compliance 1.1 (Overall compliance: Fully compliant)
Registered in
Process is not registered in any registry
Data Set deregistration
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